The Iveagh Markets: Dublin's Next Temple Bar?

At a table in Temple Bar on a recent Thursday afternoon, I sit across from one of Ireland’s richest men: self-made millionaire Martin Keane. His grey pinstripe suit and pink shirt fit the warm weather.

Though he is not a common household name, the 66-year-old has been buying up property throughout Dublin for the past 40 years. You’ve likely had a pint in one of his city-centre businesses.

We sit on Anglesea Street in front of his pub, Oliver St John Gogarty’s, as the sounds of traditional Irish music, stag parties and seagulls float around us. Just down the road is another of Keane’s ventures, Bloom’s Hotel; in fact, from hotels to hostels, he owns most of the businesses along this strip.

Martin Keane

Ignoring his ever-present earpiece and the buzzes of his retro Nokia 6310i, without any “ums”, “ehs” or “wells”, he discusses his current project, which has been in the works since the 1990s: the Iveagh Markets in Francis Street.

“I was very interested in it,” says Keane, “because I knew it from my childhood.”

Lying unused since 1999, the iconic Iveagh Markets have become derelict. Weeds protrude through the door cracks, and cans and other litter have accumulated behind the closed gates. Refurbishment of the protected structure is estimated to cost around €26 million.

That’s not the only investment that Keane has planned for the area. As well as the Iveagh Markets, he’s investing €64 million to develop surrounding properties that he has bought over the years. “They will all be connected together,” he explains.

Photo: Henry J Lyons Architects

A four-star hotel and apartments and houses available for rent by holiday-makers – Keane is turning the markets into a Mecca for tourists.

Plans also include bars, restaurants, a nightclub, a distillery and a brewery. Are the Iveagh Markets set to become the epicentre of Dublin’s new Temple Bar?

The Origins of an Idea

Dublin City Council sought a private developer to restore the markets in 1996 and Keane – who nostalgically remembers cycling there to buy fresh fish – won the competition for a 500 year lease with his plans for the site.

Progress was delayed by a dispute over ownership between the council and the Iveagh Trust. (Edward Guinness, first Earl of Iveagh, originally built the markets in 1907 to house street traders.)

Then, archaeological work took eight years to complete. During this setback, Keane bought properties surrounding the markets and developed plans for them as well.

Plans showing front of hotel and Iveagh Markets. Photo: Henry J Lyons Architects

The building to the left of the markets, formerly a delousing house, will become the 97 -bedroom hotel and will house the nightclub, distillery, brewery and bar, as well as a sixth-floor penthouse with panoramic views of Dublin that will be “semi-public”.

It will have a better view of the city than the Guinness Storehouse, says Keane.

The lane between the two buildings will be pedestrianised. Behind the markets, Lamb’s Alley will feature a flower market and there will be two blocks of 84 apartments and some houses, which will be serviced by the hotel staff and will cater to tourists. Keane calls it the Aparthotel. Here, there are also four more retail units.

Flower market in Lamb’s Alley. Photo: Henry J Lyons Architects

Not long after planning permission was granted for all this in 2007, the financial crisis came and “the ass fell out of the banks”, as Keane puts it, resulting in a shortage of financing for the development.

Though Keane admits that the recession had a terrible effect on his interests – the values of some his properties dropped by 60 percent – none of his assets had to be taken into NAMA.

Now the site on Francis Street is debt-free and refinancing for the €90 million development has begun. All the archaeological work is finished, health and safety work is being done and, next, the site will be restored brick by brick.

“I Got Great Joy”

This isn’t Keane’s first refurbishment. Since making money on his first successful business in the 1970s, he’s been buying and doing up properties.

He has a particular liking for Georgian buildings, having bought some in Ballsbridge, Merrion Square, Fitzwilliam Square and Pembroke Road.

He gives the impression that restoring historic properties is a hobby of his. He still lives in the estate house near Ranelagh that he bought and restored nearly 40 years ago.

This home remains his favourite renovation job to date. “It was completely derelict and it was 12,000 square feet and I restored every bit of it. I got great joy,” he says.

He is also proud of restoring a house that used to belong to the British Legion in Merrion Square. “It was in quite rough condition when I bought it,” he says, “but I brought it back; all the ceilings, all the Georgian design that was in it at the time.”

Keane’s passions go beyond property. He loves most things Irish, particularly art, and wants to showcase that in this development.

“Everything in the hotel will be of an Irish nature,” he says, in his gravelly Dublin accent. “Literally, as far as we go, down to the bed linen, cups and saucers, we’re going to try and source it and have it completely Irish.”

In Keane’s vision, the markets are a haven for Irish crafts, fashion, food and art. He goes back to the image of buying fish from the market, saying that he wants customers to be able to buy oysters, smoked salmon and chowder to bring home or eat on the spot.

“It will have everything that you can think of that’s Irish,” he says, comparing it to the annual RDS bonanza, Showcase: Ireland’s Creative Expo.

He confirmed his first tenant for the markets after the Doll Store, Hospital and Museum closed its doors in the Powerscourt Centre last month. He expressed an interest in saving the famous business – which has been around since the 1930s – because he remembers it from his youth and feels it’s a part of Dublin’s history, says owner Melissa Nolan.

She’d never met Keane, but received a call from him “completely out of the blue”, which stopped her from selling the store’s cabinets.

The Iveagh Markets’ mezzanine will feature studios for artists, craftsmen, jewellery makers, sculptors, painters and potters, according to Keane.

“They will be able to sell direct to the people of Dublin or to people who are visiting, and they can go and see them actually operating in it,” he explains.

Keane is determined to sell nothing but Irish produce in the Iveagh Markets when they reopen in 2019. It might seem a curious strategy in Dublin 8, a traditionally working-class area. But Keane has plans to bring in his own customers from outside the Liberties, he says, adding that his hub will target tourists and businessmen.

Back in the Day

In its heyday, the Iveagh Markets was a grand building with a beautiful ceiling that sold “everything from a needle to an anchor”. The stalls were piled high with every type of clothing, from suits to Communion dresses, and the balconies were crammed full of furniture, recalls Catherine Keating, who worked in the markets as a child, with her Aunt Bessie and Nanny Sarah.

Keating compares the markets to today’s shopping centres in that they sold everything you could need: clothes, shoes, fruit, veg, meat and “fish straight from the sea”.

“It was all fresh and you could even get pigs’ legs and ox tongues, which were delicacies at the time,” she says with a smile.

She fondly remembers the buzzing atmosphere of the markets; mothers would bring their newborns to introduce them to everyone.

Saturdays were busiest, with farmers coming from the countryside to buy suits and shirts, she says. It was known for its bargains, and all the clothes were second-hand. You could buy just a shirt collar if you wanted to save a few quid, a practice now long extinct.

Courtesy of Dublin City Library and Archive

The hat stall had every type of hat imaginable, says Keating who remembers the woman who ran the stand: “If someone tried on a beret, she would do a French accent.”

Now selling clothes in the Liberty Market on Meath Street, Keating says the Iveagh Markets hosted some lovely people, “salt-of-the-earth-type of people”, as she puts it.

She is happy to see the refurbishment of the Iveagh Markets and hopes it will help revitalise Francis Street, which was once a booming antique quarter.

But she doesn’t think the markets will ever be the same. “I don’t know if you would find second-hand clothes . . . and I don’t think you would get the characters back,” she says.

Would she consider opening a stall there when it reopens? She expects it would be units rather than stalls, and that it would be too expensive.

This sentiment is echoed by the other traders here. Though everyone is delighted to see the markets being refurbished, there are concerns that it will be too expensive for local vendors and consumers.

If the price of a pint in Oliver St John Gogarty’s is anything to go by, then these concerns are probably justified. At €6.95 for a pint of Heineken and €5.95 for a pint of Guinness – or after midnight €7.30 and €6.30 respectively – not many local Dubliners would be paying these prices.

But business owners on Francis Street seem excited for the markets to reopen, and hopeful that some of the benefits will flow their way through a boost in sales.

“I’d love to see it opening,” says Alexandra Pearle of Euricka Antiques. “It would bring a tremendous amount of business to the area.” She’d like to see more ATMs, a decent café, a newsagent, and tourists coming through.

Dublin City Council has already planned to redevelop Francis Street with extended stone footpaths, new lighting, pedestrian crossings, trees and public art.

Both Pearle and her neighbour, Martin Fennelly of Martin Fennelly Antiques, dismissed any worries about rising rents or competition from the markets.

“It is a disgrace that an iconic public building ever fell out of public hands, but at least it’s in the capable hands of Martin Keane,” says Fennelly.

He acknowledges that rents may go up, but this would go hand in hand with an improvement in business.

Pearle welcomes the competition, hoping it will weed out the likes of charity shops and off-licences, and restore Francis Street to its former glory as a street for antiques and artwork.

John McGovern of the Dean Swift was also positive about the concept. “It will bring more footfall to the area, more rejuvenation,” he says.

The Francis Street area has gone a bit stale, he says, and the redevelopment will give tourists an alternative to Temple Bar.

A Changing Neighbourhood

Some major investments are planned, or underway, in Dublin 8: the new Guinness site, the new children’s hospital, student accommodation, the Dubline tourist trail and three new distilleries. Though these are great for jobs and boost other businesses in the area, more developments in the area provide services to tourists than to the local residents.

During the planning stages of the Liberties Local Area Plan, the public consultation in this section of Dublin 8 highlighted a number of concerns for locals. Topping the list was a lack of food stores, community facilities, green spaces and street lighting.

While all types of food will be available, the Iveagh Markets – once known for affordable prices – will likely prove too expensive for many locals to do their weekly shopping.

Gentrification is a term rarely heard of in Ireland, but developments like this run the risk of excluding or even pushing out local residents as prices are pushed up.

Dublin has seen the gentrification of areas like the Docklands and Rathmines, but in the Liberties it is different because this is more likely to be caused by the area’s popularity among tourists rather than among Dubliners.

A Cautionary Tale: The French Quarter

A study of the Vieux Carre, the French Quarter in New Orleans, by Professor Kevin Fox Gotham traced the “tourism gentrification” that took place there, a type of gentrification that’s commercial, as well as residential.

After the economy in New Orleans struggled for decades, things began to pick up after the 1980s due to growth in tourism. The development of entertainment and tourism in Vieux Carre brought more upscale and affluent people to the area, attracted big retail chains and saw an increase in property prices.

This, in turn, priced out working-class residents, creating a less-diverse population, pushing out hardware stores and independent pharmacies, and forcing small antique and art dealers to move to where rent was more affordable.

“Designer bars, chain restaurants and tourism-oriented souvenir shops have gradually replaced former working-class corner cafés and food shops,” the study says.

Though this example is extreme, gentrification could easily happen in the area around the Iveagh Markets. Temple Bar was meant to become the city’s cultural and creative quarter – and still claims to be – before pubs and nightclubs were allowed to take over every available space.

Temple Bar planners aimed to recreate London’s Covent Garden, but the reality is far from it. Keane too cites Covent Garden as his vision. Keane is trusted with the restoration of the Iveagh Markets – and rightly so, given his track record.

But with pubs and breweries already rooted in the plans, it wouldn’t be a shock if the Iveagh Markets became an upscale extension to Keane’s strip of Temple Bar.

Author:

Louisa McGrath: Louisa McGrath is a city reporter for Dublin Inquirer. You can reach her at lmcgrath@dubinq.com.

Reader responses

Log in to write a response.

Joe C
at 29 July 2015 at 12:15

With Keane’s history and interests, it looks like we may get a nice restoration of the markets that will be an asset to the city to have reinstated and used. It may also be a good tourist draw as he has done well with his investments in Temple Bar.

Personally, though, I was disappointed to see it was he who was behind it. When I saw that it was going to be all these various ‘craft’ and ‘artisanal’ enterprises despite having not advertised for tenants (I believe?) it felt forced. With every food marketing team and investor leaping on those terms now, it feels like the ones that are planned before even existing have been pretty hollow. Where were these investors who claim they savour the craft of these products before it was fashionable?

In that sense, I can’t help feel that it will not gain too many local admirers, like Temple Bar. Which is a real shame of a good opportunity. Let’s hope that Keane proves me wrong. The artists impression of the Lamb’s Alley side doesn’t inspire confidence with another joint-the-dots block of office/apartments behind the markets. Not something that will have tourists flocking to photograph (and genuinely, that mindset would be a good one to have for areas that should draw tourists and locals alike. Look at ‘The Bean’ in Chicago).

Thomas
at 29 July 2015 at 13:34

It may even be a bad tourism strategy, and, therefore, development strategy. The trends for tourism, globally, is towards people wanting ‘real’ experiences. They hate anything that sounds like marketing bullshit. It’s more about the DIY experience and getting off the beaten track.

This means, as a tourism asset, the Iveagh Market needs to be restored primarily for Dublin’s inhabitants. His nostalgic sensitivities and his vision for the market may be right, but if the market feels contrived and inauthentic, it’ll fall foul of Dublin’s future visitors, too. So it’ll be a complete waste of money on top of potentially ruining the wider D8 area.

Compare this with Newmarket Sq. where the Co-Op and Green Door Market primarily provide a hub for locals on both sides of Cork St. and wider Dublin. Tourists will begin to arrive in numbers with Teeling’s now being on the tourist bus route. That’s fine, so long as the markets stay true (and can afford to).

I really want to see Iveagh Market restored, but I’m worried. I’m not reading anything here that suggests the market will be at all useful for locals and whether any of the items on sale will be anything than twee. It’ll most likely drag the Dame St. strip further into D8. I’d also wonder about the ‘Aparthotel’. What if it’s a flop? What’s the situation around DCC planning bye-laws and apartment sizes here? If the complex is re-converted to private dwellings, will they be too small?

Seamo
at 29 July 2015 at 20:06

I had a friend who used to work in Oliver St John Gogartys. Pay was terrible, staff were overworked, got hardly any breaks and were treated like shit.

Fair play to him, we need more “self made” men like him leading us into a recovery.

Christopher keogh
at 30 July 2015 at 00:30

Martin Keane should be supported by local government and local businesses he has stood the test of time in very difficult times its a big undertaking he must get all and everybody’s support the or consider the alternative more of decay

Joe C
at 30 July 2015 at 12:07

@Christopher keogh:

I will certainly congratulate Mr. Keane as a business man for similar reasons to what you mention but it would be unwise to support a project solely on the basis of whether it will stay operational. Surely there are other qualities to appreciate on whether a project should be supported other than profit and buoyancy when calling for widespread support? Would you support a large casino on the same spot that has strong evidence for drawing tourists, making good profits and whose investor has a history of staying afloat in bad times? If you wouldn’t, you possibly have some reservations about the longer effects of such a project in respect to culture, inspiring similar projects and lamenting about what could have gone in its place. If you would, that’s absolutely your right to support it but it may be easier to see why calling for everyone to support it might get a backlash.

Thomas made a similar point to mine (ten times more eloquently) and I agree that I haven’t seen much evidence of the project that doesn’t suggest it’s creating a rather contrived sense of culture and craft. He also points out the tourism market is trending towards being a little bit more wary of that which feels a little off in terms of authenticity.

Is a contrived cultural project better than waiting until someone has a better idea and risking further dilapidation? Some would believe it isn’t.

Laura
at 19 August 2015 at 11:10

Totally agree with Thomas’ comments, particularly with regard to the likely sustainability and future appeal of the types of business Martin Keane is proposing to move in. As a local resident I hate seeing the disrepair and decay of the Iveagh Market increase year-on-year but I am also very concerned that this site be developed in a way that doesn’t fundamentally change the nature of this very quiet, peaceful area for the worse. I notice that the antiques dealers on Francis St are salivating on their facebook page at the prospect of increased footfall from this development. While I recognise their need to make a living, this is a residential area at the moment with a sprinkling of retail thrown in. Crafts based businesses and workshops sounds fine – although not something that I will visit much. (From what I read above something along the lines of Powerscourt Townhouse would be the best case scenario?). But if that doesn’t turn out to be a sustainable business model what will replace it? Martin Keane seems like the most pragmatic of business men and every time I pass the Oliver St John Gogarty it seems to have spread further up Anglesea St. Admirable as far as it goes, but I can’t imagine the man behind that endeavour turning down the opportunity to make as much return as possible on this investment once he’s up and running. And if that means Temple Bar style mega pubs that will be such a shame.

Understand your city

We do in-depth, shoe-leather reporting about the issues that shape Dublin. We're not funded by advertisers. We're funded by readers like you.

We use first-party cookies to allow visitors to log in to our website and read our articles.